People in class or course often do immature behaviors in classroom incivilities such as cheating in examination. Fraudulent behavior that frequently be discovered is doing discussion during exams. It can be found not only in undergraduate class but in graduate class and online class also. It brings disadvantages to students themselves as this does surely not help the learning process. This disruptive behavior as well affects teacher and staffs as this is a violation to education society norms.
Rendering to one specific research, social environment define individual’s behavior (Cialdini et al.,1990; Reno, Cialdini, & Kallgren, 1993). One research conducted by Cialdini et al., shows that unethical behavior can be contagious. In that experiment they did littering in front of test subjects. As consequences, they litter more than they who did not shown that negative candidly.
Two experiments were conducted to investigate how the unethical demeanor affects surrounding. First experiment did observation of internal peer engaging in unethical behavior that resulted increasing in committing that negative. Fun fact arose when cheater comes from out group, the participants most likely not do the same action. Second experiment delivered results that support saliency theory. It showed that when saliency of dishonesty increases, unethical behavior decreases. Both experiments support the theory that surrounding attitude brings significant influence. Conclusion of the paper ensures the work, education and social environment to create ethical norms and values. (Gino et al., 2009).
Overcoming unethical behavior in educational might not be easy but it can be done by teacher and staff. Importance of class honor should be emphasized in the beginning of the exam. Violation toward this rule leads to expulsion from University. Teacher also can foist student by placing them based on drawing so students can not choose their own position. Aside from that teacher can give multiple versions of exams. Another trick for online class is providing random question and multiple choices for each quiz attempt hence people can not retake the similar exam questions. The smaller the cheat opportunity, the lesser student behaves unethically.
Cialdini, R.B., Reno, R.R., & Kallgren, C.A. (1990). A focus theory of normative conduct: Recycling the concept of norms to reduce littering in public places. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58, 1015–1026.
Gino F., Ayal S., Ariely D. (2009). Contagion and differentiation in unethical behavior: The effect of one bad apple on the barrel. Psychological Science, 20, 393-398.
Mazar, N., Amir, O., & Ariely, D. (2008). The dishonesty of honest people: a theory of self-concept. (6 ed., Vol. 45, pp. 633-644). Journal of Marketing Research.